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Access materials you need to successfully complete the New Entrant Program.
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A carrier will fail a Safety Audit if it does not have basic safety management controls or failure to comply with one or more of the regulations set forth in Section 385.321 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
As soon as practicable, but not later than 45 days after the completion of the Safety Audit, FMCSA will notify the carrier in writing that its U.S. DOT new entrant registration will be revoked and its operations placed out-of-service unless it takes actions to remedy its safety management practices.
If a carrier fails to submit a written response demonstrating corrective action acceptable to FMCSA within the time specified in 49 CFR 385.319 (45 or 60 days depending on the type of carrier), FMCSA will revoke its new entrant registration and issue an Out-of-Service Order.
If a carrier refuses to permit a Safety Audit to be performed on its operations, FMCSA will provide the carrier with written notice that its new entrant registration will be revoked and its operations placed out-of-service unless the carrier agrees in writing, within 10 days from the service date of the notice, to submit to a Safety Audit. The refusal to permit a Safety Audit to be performed may result in the carrier being placed out-of-service and subjected to the penalty provisions of 49 U.S.C. 521(b)(2)(A), as adjusted for inflation by 49 CFR 386, Appendix B.
FMCSA’s Offsite Safety Audit IT system will assess the motor carrier when the call center has validated the carrier, or 90 days after the carrier receives its U.S. DOT registration, whichever is first. If the motor carrier meets any of the following criteria, an Onsite Safety Audit is required:
All other carriers will be considered offsite eligible. These triggers are monitored, and the Safety Auditor is notified if there is a change in eligibility.
See definitions for interstate commerce and intrastate commerce.
Commercial Driver’s License (CDL)
Driving a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) requires a higher level of knowledge, experience, skills, and physical abilities than that required to drive a non-commercial vehicle. In order to obtain a commercial driver's license (CDL), an applicant must pass both skills and knowledge testing geared to these higher standards. Additionally CDL holders are held to a higher standard when operating any type of motor vehicle on public roads. CDLs are issued by State agencies, not FMCSA.
Commercial motor vehicle (CMV)
Any self-propelled or towed motor vehicle with the following characteristics that is used to transport people or property as part of interstate commerce:
Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating, or gross vehicle weight or gross combination weight, of 10,001 pounds (4,536 kg) or more, whichever is greater;
Is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation;
Is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers (including the driver) and is not used to transport passengers for compensation; or
Is used in transporting materials found by the Secretary of Transportation to be hazardous under 49 U.S.C. 5103 and transported in quantity requiring placarding under regulations prescribed by the Secretary under 49 CFR, Subtitle B, Chapter I, Subchapter C.
Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA)
FMCSA’s safety enforcement and compliance program aimed at improving large truck and bus safety and ultimately reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities on our Nation’s roads.
Corrective Action Plan
A written document that a carrier must develop and submit to FMCSA explaining the corrective actions it will take to fix inadequate safety management practices. Carriers are often required to submit corrective action plans upon failing a Safety Audit.
A motor carrier that transports exempt (unregulated) property owned by others for compensation. The exempt commodities usually include unprocessed or unmanufactured goods, fruits and vegetables, and other items of little or no value. For a partial listing of exempt and non-exempt commodities, please refer to Administrative Ruling 119.
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
FMCSA is the U.S. Department of Transportation administration that develops and enforces regulations to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses.
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs)
FMCSRs are the set of Federal regulations that specify the minimum requirements for motor carriers. FMCSRs can be found in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
A carrier that transports passengers, regulated property, or household goods owned by others for compensation. If you are a for-hire carrier, in addition to a U.S. DOT Number you will also need to obtain operating authority (Motor Carrier Number).
Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMRs)
Federal safety regulations that specify the minimum requirements for motor carrier transporting materials found to be hazardous under Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
When used in connection with transportation, household goods means the personal property used, or to be used, in a dwelling. Transportation of the household goods must be arranged and paid for by the individual shipper (owner) or by another individual on behalf of the shipper. Household goods includes items transported from a factory or store if purchased with the intent to use in a dwelling and transported at the request of the householder, who also pays the transportation charges.
Trade, traffic, or transportation between the following:
A place in a State and a place outside of such State (including a place outside of the United States);
Two places in a State through another State or place outside of the United States; or
Between two places in a State as part of trade, traffic, or transportation beginning or ending outside the State or the United States.
Interstate commerce is not defined by the vehicle's travel between States, but the freight's movement between States.
Any trade, traffic, or transportation in any State which is not described in the term “interstate commerce.”
A motor carrier not domiciled in Mexico that applies for a United States Department of Transportation (DOT) identification number in order to initiate operations. A carrier is considered a new entrant for its first 18 months on the road, and must complete the New Entrant Program.
New Entrant Safety Assurance Program (New Entrant Program)
FMCSA’s New Entrant Program monitors motor carrier safety compliance for their first 18 months on the road to help them understand and comply with safety regulations. New entrant motor carriers undergo a mandatory safety audit to ensure that they have basic safety management practices in place. Upon completing the Safety Audit and 18-month evaluation period, new entrants graduate and continue to be monitored through FMCSA’s Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) program.
New Entrant Web System (NEWS)
The online system that carriers selected for an Offsite Safety Audit use to submit requested documents to FMCSA. Safety Auditors use this same system to review documents and communicate with the carrier about the Offsite Safety Audit.
Operating authority means the registration required by 49 U.S.C. 13902, 49 CFR part 365, 49 CFR part 368, and 49 CFR 392.9a.
FMCSA operating authority is often identified as an "MC," "FF," or "MX" number, depending on the type of authority that is granted. Unlike the U.S. DOT Number application process, a company may need to obtain multiple operating authorities to support its planned business operations. Operating Authority dictates the type of operation a company may run and the cargo it may carry.
Visit the Unified Registration System to determine if you need operating authority.
A declaration issued by FMCSA or a law enforcement professional that prohibits a motor carrier or driver from operating a commercial motor vehicle.
Private Motor Carrier
A private motor carrier transports its own cargo, usually as a part of a business that produces, uses, sells and/or buys the cargo that is being hauled. A private motor carrier is required to have a U.S. DOT Number but does not need operating authority (MC Number).
Pre-Employment Screening Program (PSP)
A program that helps carriers make more informed hiring decisions by providing secure, electronic access to a commercial driver’s five-year crash and three-year inspection history from the FMCSA Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS).
A roadside inspection is an examination of a vehicle, driver, or both to ensure that the motor carrier is complying with Federal safety regulations. Roadside inspections are often conducted by law enforcement officials at weigh stations, agricultural checkpoints, or when a vehicle is pulled over during a routine traffic stop. Roadside inspections are only completed by certified inspectors based on criteria developed by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance. Data from roadside inspections is input into FMCSA’s Safety Measurement System (SMS) as part of the motor carrier’s safety compliance record.
An examination of a motor carrier’s operations to provide educational and technical assistance on safety and the operational requirements of the FMCSRs and applicable HMRs and to gather critical safety data needed to make an assessment of the carrier’s safety performance and basic safety management controls.
Safety management controls
The systems, policies, programs, practices, and procedures used by a motor carrier to ensure compliance with applicable safety and hazardous materials regulations, which support the safe movement of products and passengers through the transportation system. Safety management controls aim to reduce the risk of accidents resulting in fatalities, injuries, and property damage.
Safety Measurement System (SMS)
The online database that FMCSA uses to collect and analyze motor carrier data from roadside inspections, including driver and vehicle violations; crash reports from the last two years; and investigation results to identify motor carriers with safety problems to prioritize them for interventions such as warning letters and investigations.
A carrier that commits any of the following actions, identified through roadside inspections or by any other means, may be subjected to an expedited Safety Audit:
If the motor carrier has not had a Safety Audit or compliance review, FMCSA will schedule a Safety Audit as soon as practicable.
If the carrier has had a Safety Audit or compliance review, FMCSA will send a notice advising the carrier they committed an expedited action violation, and if the behavior continues, it may result in an investigation or enforcement action.
When a carrier fails a Safety Audit, the auditor will provide a copy of the Safety Audit report and specific instructions for developing a CAP that addresses the unique safety hazards found. In general, a CAP must state why the violation occurred, what corrective actions the carrier will take to correct the deficiency, and what procedures the carrier will implement to prevent the deficiency in the future.
Please send CAPs to the appropriate FMCSA office:
A carrier whose U.S. DOT new entrant registration has been revoked, and whose operations have been placed out-of-service by FMCSA, may reapply for new entrant registration no sooner than 30 days after the date of revocation. If the U.S. DOT new entrant registration was revoked because of a failed Safety Audit, the carrier must do all of the following:
If the registration was revoked because FMCSA found that the carrier had failed to submit to a Safety Audit, it must do all of the following:
If the carrier is a for-hire carrier subject to the registration provisions under 49 U.S.C. 13901 and has also had its operating authority revoked, it must apply for new operating authority. For detailed instructions on how to reapply, please see "Instructions for Reapplication after New Entrant Revocation."
A carrier that furnishes false or misleading information, or conceals material information in connection with the registration process, is subject to the following actions:
Carriers need an FMCSA-issued U.S. DOT Number Personal Identification Number (PIN) (NOT a Docket Number
PIN) to access the Offsite Safety Audit and the Safety Measurement System.
Do NOT submit a request for a U.S. DOT Number to this website as we can't obtain one for you. If you are
experiencing PIN issues, visit our PIN help page or call 1-800-832-5660.
Call 1-800-832-5660 or find your Motor Carrier Enforcement Office below.
Complete the form below.
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