Carrier - Common carriers provide for-hire truck transportation to the general public. They must file both liability (bodily injury and property damage) insurance and cargo insurance.
Broker - A company who, for compensation, arranges for the truck transportation of cargo belonging to others, utilizing for-hire carriers to provide the actual truck transportation. They must not, directly or indirectly, represent their operations to be that of a motor carrier. Brokers must file either a surety bond or trust fund agreement.
Freight Forwarder - A freight forwarder is a company that arranges for the truck transportation of cargo belonging to others, utilizing for-hire carriers to provide the actual truck transportation. In the ordinary course of its business, a freight forwarder usually assembles and consolidates less-than truckload (LTL) shipments at origin and disassembles and distributes truckload (TL) shipments at destination.
The freight forwarder assumes responsibility for the transportation from origin to destination but it uses a for-hire carrier for the line-haul movement.
Enterprise Carriers - A U.S.-based carrier, owned by a Mexican citizen transporting international cargo or passengers (i.e., cargo or passengers must begin and/or end in a foreign country).
Note: Enterprise carriers can transport either property or passengers. Enterprise carriers cannot pickup and/or drop off cargo or passengers that originate and/or terminate only in the United States.